What Is Thyroid Disease

What Is Thyroid Disease? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Today we will discuss what is thyroid disease?Growth of the thyroid gland is a consequent disease that is not cancerous.

A patient with goiter may also have normal thyroid hormone levels, high thyroid hormone levels (hyperthyroidism) or low thyroid hormone levels (hypothyroidism).

What Is Thyroid Disease?

Thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the size of the bark, just below the adem diamond. If the thyroid gland grows above normal, the person is faced with a health problem known as goiter. The goiter is not usually caused by pain, but if the thyroid gland is overgrown, the patient may have trouble swallowing and develop chronic cough.

The goiter is usually caused by the lack of iodine in the diet of the person. But nowadays, iodine is added to the salts, resulting in unbalanced production of thyroid hormone, nodules in the thyroid gland, or pregnancy result.

What Is Thyroid Disease?

Chairman of the Board of the Turkish Society of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases. Dr. According to Gurbuz Erdogan, 30% of Turkey’s population is having goitre. Goiter is a widespread disease in women and can occur at any age.

what is thyroid disease Verdicts?
Some patients can not understand that they are goiters, because the indication may not be noticeable. The main symptom of the goiter is the thyroid gland. After a while, this swelling becomes a noticeable lump.

There are two types of thyroid:

Diffuse Goiter: The entire thyroid gland is swollen. Smooth when touched.

Nodular Goiter: Some parts of the thyroid gland are swollen. It’s lumpy when touched.

In a patient with goiter, the following symptoms may also occur:

What Is Thyroid Disease?

Muffled voice
Normally Over Coughing
Do not feel tightness in the throat
Difficulty in swallowing (less common)
Difficulty breathing
What are Goiter Causes and Risk Factors?
Possible reasons for goiter and risk factors include:

A weak diet in terms of iodine

The most common cause of this is inadequate iodine uptake. In Turkey, goitre is more common in regions where there is a lot of black cherry consumption in the Black Sea Region. Because a component in the mallet prevents it from being absorbed by binding iodine.

Iodine is a trace element found in the earth and in the sea. Fish, seafood, many vegetables and dairy products contain iodine. Our thyroid gland needs iodine to produce thyroid hormones. When iodine is deficient, the thyroid gland grows to produce hormones.

Iodine deficiency is a common problem all over the world. But the introduction of salt iodine with the beginning of the 1900s has reduced the prevalence of goitre disease.

What Is Thyroid Disease?

Gender
Women carry more goitre risks than men.

Age
people over the age of 50 carry more risk than younger goiter.

Autoimmune Diseases
Autoimmune disease is more likely to develop goitre in patients with autoimmune disease or those who have a history of autoimmune disease.

Pregnancy and menopause
Women are more at risk of goitre after they are pregnant or when they are in menopause.

Some drugs
increase the risk of developing antiretroviral drugs, immunosuppressive drugs, amiodarone, and lithium goiter.

Radiation
The risk of goitre increases in people exposed to the neck and chest radiations .

Hyperthyroidism
If the thyroid gland is overactive, the thyroid gland may begin to grow and be stimulated.

Hypothyroidism
Thyroid glands that do not work adequately can also result in goitre. If the body is inadequate in terms of thyroid hormone, it can cause its growth by stimulating the thyroid gland.

Smoking
Some studies show a relationship between regular smoking and goitre.

Some Infections Some
people who increase the risk of goitre, some people who get infection from bacteria and fungus, goitris risk increases.

What Is Thyroid Disease?

Some Foods Some
foods known as “goatrogenic foods” such as black cabbage, spinach, soybean meal, tofu, groundnuts cause their thyroid gland functions to fail when consumed too much. The goitre is more visible in our country because there is more black cabbage consumption in the Black Sea region.

Excessive
iodine intake Vaccine iodine consumption can also increase goitre risk.

Thyroid Cancer The likelihood of goitre is increasing in thyroid cancer patients.

Diagnosis
A general practitioner can identify the goiter by touching the patient’s neck and asking about swallowing. Sometimes nodules can be understood only by touching. A physical examination will give the doctor an idea of ​​the size of the thyroid gland and the extent of the swelling.

Your doctor may want you to take some tests to find the underlying cause of goiter:

Hormone Test
This blood test will be performed to measure the amount of hormones secreted from the thyroid and pituitary glands. The low level of thyroid hormone will show that the patient’s thyroid glands are not working well. When the level of thyroid hormone is low, the level of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) will be high. TSH is secreted by the pituitary gland and stimulates the thyroid gland to produce more hormones. On the other hand, if TSH levels are low and thyroid hormone levels are high, it will indicate an active thyroid gland.

What Is Thyroid Disease?

Antibody Testing
If a blood test shows the presence of antibodies, it can be understood that the underlying cause is related to this.

Ultrason
A transducer is held in the neck of the patient. The sound waves sent by the ultrasonic device travel along the neck and neck and return as echoes. The changes in echo times occur as an image on the screen. This tells you how big the thyroid gland is and whether it is a nodule.

Treatment
The type of treatment depends on various factors. The size of the thyroid gland, the severity of symptoms and symptoms, and the underlying causes determine what treatment will be. If the goiter is small and the thyroid gland is working properly, your doctor will recommend long-term observation and will not apply any treatment.

Thyroid Insufficiency In
this case, your doctor will write synthetic hormone and try to close the blindness. One pill a day will be swallowed. Possible side effects of hormone therapy may include: muscle cramps, irregular heartbeat, and chest pain. Often side effects disappear in a few days. These rare side effects can also be seen: insomnia, diarrhea, weight loss, excessive sweating, increased heartbeat, headache.

What Is Thyroid Disease?

Overactive thyroid gland
This disease is intended to reduce the hormones produced by the thyroid gland by typing thionamides. Drugs are taken orally. Patients may not feel the effect for several weeks. Side effects include: skin rash, joint pain, dizziness. You should consult your doctor for fever, mouth ulcers and any signs of infection. Thionamide therapy usually lasts from two to four months.

Radioactive Iodine One of
the possible treatments for overactive thyroid gland. Iodine is taken orally. When the radioactive iodine reaches the thyroid gland, it breaks down the thyroid cells and the goitre shrinks.

Iodine Lavage
If the goitre comes to the hospital due to iodine deficiency, iodine supplementation is recommended to the patient. It is important at this point to follow the dosage prescribed by the doctor. Because the need for iodine varies from person to person.

Surgery If the
thyroid gland is overgrown and the patient is suffering from swallowing and breathing problems and the other therapies have not worked, this option is on the agenda.

What Is Thyroid Disease?

In most cases, half of the thyroid gland is surgically removed. The surgeon takes care to take as much of the diagonal as possible and try to maintain the hormone production of the thyroid gland. But in some cases the patient may need to continue taking hormone therapy. Possible complications include: infection, damage to the nerves affecting the throat (permanent hoarseness in the patient’s voice), damage to the parathyroid gland (calcium-level schemes of the body).

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