What is trans fat is our today topic.Trans fat is a kind of oil that is naturally found in animal products such as meat and butter. There is no harm to your health when you consume the trans fats found in this meat and butter. It is also known that natural trans fats, called good trans fats, have positive effects on cancer. But trans fat is also obtained by hydrogenation or hydrogenation, which is an artificial chemical process. What exactly does hydrogenation mean?
Production of Trans Oil by Hydrogenation Method
Hydrogenation is a chemical process that transforms polyunsaturated fats, which are normally liquid at room temperature, into margarine and other solid fats in solid form at room temperature.
To produce these solid or trans oils, the producers mix inexpensive oils which are completely stale after the soaking process, such as soy, corn, cottonseed or canola, with small metal grains such as nickel oxide. The oil with the nickel catalyst is then exposed to hydrogen gas at high pressure and temperature. The soap-like emulsifying agent (s) and the starch are then compressed into a mixture to obtain a better consistency. But the oil mixture is once again exposed to high temperature under the name of steam cleaning. This process removes the unpleasant smell of the oil mixture.
The appetite-abusing natural color of margarine is removed from the center by the bleaching. Then paint and strong smells are added to simulate butter. Finally, the mixture is compressed and packed into cubes to be sold on shelves under the name of healthy food. Hydrogenated trans fat extends the shelf life of foods containing oil, changes its structure and provides taste stability to these foods.
What Is Trans Fat
As can be seen, the hydrogenation process based on trans-oil production is a completely unnatural chemical treatment process in which very high temperatures (around 260 ° C) and pressures are used. The unsaturated vegetable oil molecules exposed to such high temperatures and pressures are completely harmful to our health.
In addition, catalysts such as nickel, which are used to promote the chemical reaction in hydrogenation, are extremely harmful to the human body. Although these nickel particles are removed after the hydrogenation process, the residues remain in the new trans fats or margarines produced.
But these trans fats, which threaten our health, are not produced only by hydrogenation. Commercially produced vegetable oils can also cause trans fats to be produced with high pressure and temperature in the deodorizing process. Nonetheless, these oils do not contain trans fats or oils, but unnatural high pressure and temperature applications cause harmful products to be obtained for our health.
What are the Losses of Trans Oils?
Scientific studies have shown that these oils have many damages for health as well as no benefit of artificially produced trans fats. The known losses of trans fats are:
Increases Bad Cholesterol Increases the
amount of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) known as bad cholesterol. Bad cholesterol accumulates in the arteries (in arteries), causing abnormal plaque formation and blocking blood flow in the veins. This causes the vessel to harden.
The amount of total cholesterol is much higher than that of any fat flavor.
Reduce Good Cholesterol Reduce the
amount of high-density lipoprotein that is known as good cholesterol, which sends excess cholesterol to the liver to clear the veins.
Increase triglycerides Increase the
amount of triglyceride fatty acids that cause vascular cure.
Trans fats also trigger diabetes (diabetes) by increasing high-density lipoprotein or bad cholesterol.
Boosts Heart Disease
Saturated fats increase cholesterol but do not cause heart disease. But trans fats directly cause heart diseases because they increase bad cholesterol and reduce good cholesterol. So what is important here is that high cholesterol alone does not cause heart disease. For example, in the United States until the 1920s heart disease was a very rare disease. However, after the 1920s and 30s, especially during the time of the deep economic crisis that affected the whole world as the Great Depression, the consumption of margarine also increased (because people were not able to consume relatively expensive oils such as butter because they became poorer) and heart diseases peaked.
What Is Trans Fat
veins Veins cause inflammation leading to veins worn out. This can lead to serious blood clotting which prevents the flow of blood and increases the risk of heart attack and stroke. Internal bleeding can also cause intense blood loss or even death.
The function of Omega 3 Fatty Acids is
our Decaying Body and it prevents the construction and production of omega-3 fatty acids, which are especially important for the brain. As a side effect of this, the development of the brain in babies is adversely affected and causes the diseases such as attention disorder, hyperactivity and autism in children.
Slow Down Growth Of The Fetus Affects the growth of the
fetus in the mother’s womb, causing low birth weight.
Cell Structure Decay Consuming
trans fats in large amounts reduces cell membrane selectivity. This invites allergens, non-digestible foods, viruses and potential carcinogens.
Which foods are found in Trans Oils?
You can take precautions against them by looking at what foods trans fats are in.
Where fast food is sold
sandwiches and cakes (usually margarine is used)
Margarine and additives
Prepared cakes and wet pastry
in frozen fish
Chips, crackers and cookies
It is found in cream free milk products, in milk and coffee powder, in salad dressings, in meat products, in popcorn, in cookies, in ice creams.
To summarize, trans fats can be found in all kinds of products that will come out of my mind and sold. For this reason, to avoid trans fats we must at least be able to examine the contents of the products we buy.