Spleen Pain

Spleen Pain Causes And Treatment

Our today topic is spleen pain causes and treatment.It is a small, pink fist sized organ located in the lower left part of the spleen . It is usually half a kilogram. The spleen, an immune system organ, is also responsible for protecting the body against diseases. It is also effective in protecting the body’s fluid balance. It plays a role in repairing old and damaged cells.

Spleen pain is generally felt in the lower left part of the abdomen. The pain is usually worse when breathing and in excess, after heavy meals have been taken. However, it is difficult to diagnose these aches because they can also originate from surrounding organs, such as the stomach. Spleen pain can spread to the left and lower parts of the chest area near the lower abdomen of the abdomen. Spleen soreness usually occurs when the spleen grows normally.

Spleen Pain Causes And Treatment

Causes of Spleen Pain
1) Infections

The most common causes of splenic infection are bacterial, viral or parasitic infections. The infections that cause spleen pain and growth include:

Mononucleosis
A viral infection that causes the lymph nodes to swell with high fever causing the level of mononuclear monocytes to rise abnormally.
Taxoplasmosis
is a parasitic infection caused by Taxoplasma gondii carried through the cat.

Syphilis
A sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacteria called Treponema pallidum.

2) Splenomegaly

Splenomegaly is spleen growth. This is a rare cause of spleen growth. Because the spleen is covered with an elastic capsule, it can stretch without tearing and exploding in much larger sizes than its normal size.

The pain caused by splenomegaly can be of medium or more severe size. Spleen growth can occur in the following diseases :

Endocarditis
Leukemia
Cirrhosis
Hodgkin’s disease
Niemann-Pick disease
Portal hypertension
Amyloidosis
Cystic fibrosis
Felty syndrome
Rheumatoid arthritis
Sclerosing cholangitis

3) Infection of the spleen

Spleen infarction is the death of a touch on a particular part of the spleen. This causes damage to the splenic artery. Thus, the blood flow is blocked and regional anemia or tissue damage occurs due to oxygen deficiency.

Spleen Pain Causes And Treatment

Embolus is a good example of the breakdown of blood flow in the spleen. Typically, this status does not appear. From mild to more severe conditions the following symptoms may occur:

chills
High fever
Nausea
Vomiting
Disappointment
Chest pain
Left shoulder pain

4) Spleen Rupture

Spleen rupture is an urgent condition that can also cause destruction of the spleen capsule. When the spleen ruptures, the blood spurts out of the abdominal cavity and an intense internal bleeding occurs. This also causes severe abdominal pain. A spleen rupture occurs as a trauma or a knock in the abdominal area. The most common reasons are:

Traffic accidents
Bicycle accidents
Sports injuries such as football
Violence and torture
In addition, malaria, mononucleosis and hemolytic anemia may also result in splenic rupture. Under these conditions, the spleen capsule is examined and becomes more vulnerable to damage during trauma and injuries. It has also been shown that colonsocopin can cause spleen rupture. Indications of splenic rupture include:

Severe abdominal pain
Blurred vision
Loss of balance and fainting sensation
Wonder
unconsciousness
Nausea
Pallor
Anxiety and anxiety
Spleen rupture is diagnosed after a number of physical tests. Abdominal region becomes hard and swollen due to the blood circulating in the region. Due to heavy blood loss, the blood pressure falls and the heart rate accelerates. Low blood pressure requires urgent medical intervention to the patient. Apply imaging techniques as well. The most common technique is imaging CT scanning, but it is not used in severe spleen cases and in people with contrast allergies. For this reason, the following other imaging tests are used:

Spleen Pain Causes And Treatment

Magnetic resonance imaging (EMR)
Diagnostic peritoneal lavage
Abdominal sonographic technique
Spleen Pain Treatment
Splenectomy
The most important treatment of splenic pain is splenectomy , especially if a painful splenic infarction or tearing event occurs. Splenectomy is the process of retrieving the entire spleen. If only a specific part of the spleen is taken, this is called partial splenectomy. But unlike the liver, the part of the spleen can not renew itself.

Splenectomy is performed using two methods:

Laparatomy (Open surgery)
Laparoscopy
Laparotomy
Laparotomide is removed by opening a cut in the abdominal region of the spleen. The cut is opened from the left side of the abdomen just below the rib region. Before the spleen is removed, the organ’s blood supply and pancreas are disconnected. After the spleen is removed, the stitches are removed.

Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy is a less invasive procedure applied with 3 or 4 small incisions in the abdomen. These small cuts are placed in laparascopes and other medical devices. The procedures performed are monitored with a monitor attached to the laparoscope. However, this procedure is not used for swollen and very large sized spleens. In addition, laparoscopy is not performed in obese patients and in patients who had scar tissue remaining in the spleen tissues in previous surgeries.

When the spleen is removed, the body becomes more vulnerable to infections. For this reason, vaccination becomes necessary. Vaccines are usually vaccinated against meningococcal vaccine, pneumococcal vaccine and against type B Haemophilus influenzae. Antibiotics and vitamins can also be prescribed by the doctor to prevent any possible infections. It is also recommended that patients stay away from malaria-spreading media. Apart from these, the sports that bear the risk of high disability should be avoided.

 

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