Sjogren Syndrome

Sjogren Syndrome Symptoms And Treatment

Our today topic is sjogren syndrome.We will discuss about sjogren syndrome.Also we will talk about the causes of sjogren syndrome.What are the main symptoms of sjogren syndrome.What are the treatments of sjogren syndrome.Sjogren SyndromeSjogren’s syndrome is a chronic disorder of the immune system. The patient’s white blood cells attack the saliva and tear glands, reducing the production of tears and saliva in the body, leading to dry mouth and eyes. Sometimes the diaper, which is responsible for the vaginal wetness, is also damaged, leading to vaginal dryness. However, pain in the joints and pain in the muscles with hardening may occur.

Sjogren’s syndrome, an autoimmune disease, occurs when healthy tissues and cells are inadvertently attacked by the body’s own immune system. The immune system is designed to attack invaders (pathogens) that will harm us in the body. In a person with autoimmune disease, there are abnormal antibodies that circulate in the stomach and healthy tissues, such as infectious viruses or harmful pathogens such as bacteria.

Sjogren Syndrome Symptoms And Treatment

Types of Sjogren Syndrome
Doctors classify Sjogren’s syndrome as either primary or secondary Sjogren’s syndrome:

Primary Sjogren’s syndrome
This condition does not occur after another discomfort, which is not the result of another discomfort.

Secondary Sjogren’s Syndrome
This condition occurs with other illnesses such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis, or with other illnesses.Sjogren’s syndrome can occur at any age. However, most patients are diagnosed after 40 years of age. 90% of patients are females. Symptoms commonly decrease after a certain time.

Signs and Symptoms of Sjogren Syndrome
When the symptom is something the patient feels and talks about, the sign is something other people like the doctors can identify. Sjogren SyndromeFor example, pain may be a symptom, redness may be a sign.The most common symptoms associated with Sjogren’s syndrome are mouth instability and ocular involvement. Women may also report a vaginal setting. Dry eyes and mouth may be linked to other symptoms.

Signs and signs associated with the mouthpiece:

Tooth decay and finally tooth loss
Continuous dry cough
Problems in chewing
Swallow problems
Forking voice
Some people may have a speech difficulty
Salivary glands may swell
Repeated thrush in mouth (mushroom infection in mouth)
Signs and signs linked to the eyewear:

Feeling of something like sand or gravel in the eyes
Your eyes are tired and look
Itchy eyes
Flow from the eye
Photophobia (sensitivity to light)
Obsession and burning
Swelling of eyelids
Irritation of eyelids

Sjogren Syndrome Symptoms And Treatment

Smoky, air-conditioned or windy environments can aggravate the specification. Traveling by air can make the statement worse.Sjogren SyndromeIn some cases, the patient’s immune system may attack different parts of the body and cause the following signs and symptoms:

A general fatigue
Pain in the muscles
Pain in joints and inflammation with hardening
Peripheral neuropathy (numbness on the arms and legs and sometimes pain)
Raynaud’s phenomenon (painful, cold and numb feeling of hands)
Vasculitis (inflammation of vessels)

Reasons for Sjogren’s Syndrome
Sjogren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease that causes the patient’s immune system to attack healthy tissues and cells by mixing them with dangerous pathogens such as infectious viruses and bacteria.While experts are influencing some individuals, they are not sure why they do not affect some. Surveys have shown that viral (caused by viruses) or bacterial infections trigger the disease.

First, in Sjogren’s syndrome, saliva and tear glands are attacked and damaged by the immune system, resulting in less saliva and less eye tears in the mouth. The vaginal glands may also be damaged and cause vaginal dryness.Sjogren SyndromeTears, saliva and vaginal glands are collectively known as exocrine glands. Exocrine glands are external secretion glands. They secrete a substance through a channel. Examples include saliva, tears and sweat glands as well as those in the gastro-intestinal tract.However, other parts of the body such as nerves, skin, joints, lungs, kidneys and thyroid gland may also be attacked and damaged.

Primary Sjogren’s syndrome
As noted earlier, specialists are not sure about the exact cause of Sjogren’s syndrome. Many believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors is likely. Some people are probably born with certain genes that make them more susceptible to having an abnormal immune system. At some point during their lives, an environmental factor, such as hepatitis C viral infection or Epstein-Barr virus, can lead to immune systems not functioning properly.Doctors believe that estrogen, a female hormone, has an important role, since the majority of people with Sjogren’s syndrome are women and the menopause process is the most common time to diagnose the disease. According to the theory of some experts, the possible reductions in estrogen levels somehow upset the immune system.

Secondary Sjogren’s syndrome
This syndrome can occur during other autoimmune disorders such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.

Sjogren Syndrome Treatment
Artificial Tears
Artificial tears can usually cure moderate to severe eye problems. A prescription from pharmacies can be obtained without any need.Sjogren Syndrome If the eyes are severely irritated, the doctor may prescribe short-term corticosteroid eye drops. Long-term use increases the risk of unwanted and serious side effects such as Cushing’s syndrome.

Sjogren Syndrome Symptoms And Treatment

Liquid-goggles
These special glasses that surround the eyes are similar to some protective goggles. Helps keep moisture inside and also protects eyes from dust, particles and other irritants.

Surgery
Small plugs close the tear ducts that release the tears. When they are turned off, their tears remain longer in the eye. This process is called point occlusion. Generally, it is only recommended if all other methods fail. First, the doctor inserts temporary silicone plugs to see if the procedure is successful. If successful, then temporary silicones are replaced with permanent ones.

Wet Hold

Consume more fluid
Ice cubes (soaking them helps keep your mouth wet)
Mouth rinse water (regular mouth rinse, mouth protect against infection and soften mouth)
Oral hygiene (paying attention to oral hygiene avoids gum disease and tooth decay)
Smoking (leave it, smoking increases the rate of evaporation of the spit, smoking is irritating to the mouth)
Sugar free chewing gum (increases saliva production)
Saliva Alternatives
Pastilles, gels, chewing gum or spray are suitable. They help your mouth get wet.

Pilocarpine
is a medicine for the mouth and eye. This medication, saliva and lacrimal glands move more spittle and tear production.

Hydrochloric
Chlorin slows down the attack of the immune system to saliva and tear glands. It also helps to reduce pain, stiffness and muscle pain symptoms in the joints. Patients will not feel an effect for the first few weeks.

Vaginal Dryness
Lubricants like KY Jelly are useful. HRT (hormone replacement therapy) and also estrogen creams may be preferred.

Sjogren Syndrome Symptoms And Treatment

Joint and Muscle Pain
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen are generally effective. If necessary, the doctor may prescribe a more potent NSAID drug.

Complications Related to Sjogren’s Syndrome
Patients with Sjogren’s syndrome have a 44-fold greater risk of developing non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (about 5% of all patients).Sjogren SyndromePeople with Sjogren’s syndrome are at greater risk of experiencing fungal infections, dental cavities, and vision problems. There is also the risk of inflammation, which, in a minor case, causes other lung problems that can lead to bronchitis, pneumonia and kidney function problems. Therefore, hepatitis or cirrhosis in the liver increases the risk. In rare cases, a woman with Sjogren’s syndrome may have a baby with heart problems. In addition, the baby has a higher risk of lupus.Peripheral neuropathy: Some patients may experience burning, tingling and numbness on their hands and feet.

 

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