Salt And Blood Pressure

Why Does Salt Increase Blood Pressure?

Salt And Blood Pressure is our today topic.It consists of a combination of salt, sodium and chloride elements. From these elements, sodium acts directly on the blood pressure.

Kidneys use sodium to balance water and electrolytes. Sodium is important for keeping water in the body. But this feature brings along some problems as well.

Salt And Blood Pressure

Water and Sodium
Sixty percent of the male body is made up of water. In females this rate is slightly less. Water is both outside and inside the cell. There is a certain amount of water in the body, but too much water can be dangerous.

The kidneys use electrolytes such as sodium and potassium to maintain balance. The water moves along the cell membrane where the sodium is more dense. Every kidney has a filtration system. Here the water comes out or goes in. Waste products and excess water are filtered out of the sidewall and discharged through the urine. The sodium required for body functions also returns to the circulatory system.

Salt And Blood Pressure

Although the whole process is quite complex, it can be summarized as follows. Increased sodium in the body means increased water in the cell and circulating in the blood vessels. Increased water also causes the blood pressure to rise.

Sodium and Blood Pressure
People take sodium with the salt in their food. Most people throw out excess sodium with urine. In addition, sodium and water are removed from the body by perspiration. But 20% of people have a genetic characteristic that causes sodium to be retained in the body. This causes the water to be held in the body. So the blood pressure rises. Salt food also tends to drink more water because it will cause it to thirst. Excessive salt causes excess fluid to circulate throughout the body. This means that the pressure on the blood vessel walls increases. The walls of rising pressure are thickened and narrowed. The heart has to pump more to deliver the blood. The cardiac muscles expands due to this increased load and the strength of each contraction is exacerbated. The increased pressure damages the blood vessels and the filtration system in the kidneys.

Salt And Blood Pressure

How Much Salt?
More than 5 grams of salt per day is harmful, which means 2300 mg of sodium. The salt should not fall below 1500 mg. A spoonful of salt contains around 2400 mg of sodium. The salt content in ready-made products is generally high. Persons with high blood pressure should be careful to consume ready-to-eat food.

Salt And Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can cause serious problems. Blood pressure patients need dietary changes as well as diet. If you know or think you have high blood pressure, you should check your blood pressure regularly.

High Blood Pressure

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