Our today topic is pulmonary embolism signs and symptoms.We will discuss indications and treatments of pulmonary embolism.
What is Pulmonary Embolism?
Pulmonary embolism is the occlusion of one or more arteries in the lung. Pulmonary embolism usually arises from spots and rarely from other parts of the body (deep vein thrombosis) due to blood clots carried in the lungs.
Although pulmonary embolism can be seen everywhere, inactivity, cancer and surgical operations increase the risk.
Pulmonary Embolism Signs And Symptoms
Pulmonary embolism can be life threatening, but accurate and timely treatment significantly reduces the risk of death. Taking the necessary precautions to prevent blood clotting on the stomach reduces the risk of developing a pulmonary embolus.
Pulmonary Embolism Symptoms
The indication of the pulmonary embolus varies depending on the extent to which the lungs are exposed to probing, the amount of clots and the general health conditions (in particular the presence of any pulmonary and cardiac disease). General statements are:
This symptom typically occurs suddenly and worsens depending on the progression of the disease.
2. Chest Pain
This symptom gives the patient a feeling of heart attack. Pain increases when you are deeply inhaled, coughing, eating and bending. The pain increases with such movements, but not with rest.
3. Cough Coughs
can cause bloody sputum production.
Other symptoms that can be seen with lung embolism include:
Leg pain, swelling, or both (especially in the calf)
Damp, cold and colorless skin
Fast or irregular heartbeats
Feeling of fainting or dizziness
Pulmonary embolism can be life-threatening. If you have symptoms of shortness of breath, chest pain or bloody cough, you should seek medical advice immediately.
Pulmonary Embolism Signs And Symptoms
Causes of Pulmonary Embolism
Pulmonary embolism is the accumulation of a mass of substance – which is usually clot – in the pulmonary arteries. These blood clots usually originate from deep leg veins, but may also come from other parts of the body. This is called deep vein clotting.
Occasionally, other substances may also cause blockages in veins in the lungs. Examples include:
Fats for broken long bones
A single pulmonary embolism is a rare condition. Usually, many clots are mentioned. The lung tissue blocked by these blood clots may be deprived of blood, which can lead to death of this tissue. This can make the lungs difficult to maintain oxygen for other parts of the body.
Pulmonary embolism can be seen in all herbs but certain factors can increase the risk.
1. Medical history In the
family history, patients with blood vessel clotting or pulmonary embolism are at high risk. This can be caused by disorders that affect inherited pathways that affect blood clotting.
In addition, some health problems such as the following can increase the risk:
Heart Diseases: High blood pressure and heart diseases can trigger clots.
Cancer: Pancreatic, ovarian, lung cancer, and other cancers that metastasize can increase the amount of substances that cause blood clotting. Chemotherapy also increases the risk. Some medications used by some women with breast cancer also increase blood clotting risk.
2. Long-Term Inactivity
Blood clotting may increase in stools over prolonged periods of inactivity, such as:
Treatment in bed
Surgery, heart attack, leg fracture or any serious illness can lead to increased risk of blood clotting in the patient due to long bed rest. When the legs and feet remain in the horizontal position for a long time, the blood flow to the veins slows down and blood accumulates.
Long Trips are
stuck in long-term plane or car journeys and staying constant can increase the risk of clotting on the stakes.
Surgery is the leading cause of clotting; especially in the hip and knee joints. During the preparation of the bones for artificial joints, tissue deposits may enter the bloodstream and cause clotting. In short, inactivity for any surgery can lead to clot formation. The risk increases even more with the prolonged period of stay in general anesthesia. For this reason, a patient who enters an amelia who is prone to deep vein thrombosis is treated with anticoagulant medication before and after surgery.
4. Other Risk Factors
Smoking: Smoking increases blood clotting risk.
Overweight: Overweight increases blood clotting risk especially in women who smoke and have high blood pressure.
Estrogen Drugs: Estrogen in the birth control pills and in the hormone replacement therapy increases the amount of coagulation factors in the blood.
Pregnancy: Baby weight can slow the return of blood from the legs by pressure on the vessels in the pelvic bone.
Pulmonary Embolism Treatment
Blood Diluents (Anticoagulants)
These drugs block the formation of new clots, but it can take several days for these drugs to work.
Coagulant Solvents (Thrombolytics)
Coagulants are drugs that increase the rate of clotting, although they usually resolve spontaneously. Because these clot-dissolving drugs can cause sudden and severe hemorrhage, they are often used in situations where life-threatening risks exist.
2. Surgery and Other Procedures
If a large clot is present in the lung, the doctor may recommend taking it with the help of a thin flexible tube (catheter) placed in these clotted vessels.
A catheter can be used to place the filter for the vessel (lower main vein). This filter can block lung transport of the clot. This procedure is especially used for patients who do not take anticoagulants or for patients whose anticoagulants do not work well and fast. The filtered catheter is usually placed in a vein in its neck.