Our today topic is liver cyst treatment.We will talk about liver cyst treatment.What are the causes of liver cyst?What are the liver cyst treatments?Liver cysts (hepatitis cysts) are fluid-filled vesicles in the liver and are present in about 5 percent of the population. It usually does not show symptoms and is noticed during abdominal imaging, such as computed tomography (CT) or magnetic imaging (MR).Although most of the liver cysts are benign, early detection of parasites and cancer is critical to proper treatment. In the majority of cases, the treatment includes removal of cysts by surgery.
Causes of Liver Cyst
Liver cysts can be divided into many different groups in terms of their causes, diagnosis and treatment methods.
Liver Cyst Treatment And Causes
Simple cysts come from birth and are caused by abnormal bile duct cells during the development of the embryo. The cysts are filled with a bile-like fluid and covered with a thin epithelial cell layer. These cysts are the most common of the liver cysts and are less than 3 cm in diameter.
Echinococcosis is a type of intestinal worm infection that can switch between humans and animals. In particular, Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) and Echinococcus multilocularis (E. multilocularis) species are the species that cause liver cysts in humans. Humans are infected by the digestion of the ovaries of the animal (lamb, dog, etc.) that this parasite uses as a host.
Although echinococcosis is still not very common in developed countries, it has become more common in recent years, both in America and Europe. It may have become more common in direct proportion to the increase in the number of foxes in places where people live and feed pets.
Cystadenomas are benign and cystadenocarcinomas are the tumors given to cancerous tumors. Cystadenomas resemble simple cysts from birth and from epithelial cells. The way the cyst tumor becomes cancerous is unknown. The cystadenocarcinoma grows slowly and has a diameter of 12 cm.
Polycystic Liver Disease
Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is a rare genetic disease with more than 20 cysts in the liver. The cysts are born and clustered.
Liver Cyst Treatment And Causes
Liver Cyst Symptoms
Cysts that do not interfere with liver activity may show no symptoms for years. Cysts can explode when expanded or compress other organs, causing bloating, fullness and pain in the upper right part of the abdomen.
Parasitic cysts (echinococcosis) can cause fever, bloody sputum and severe itch at the bottom. E. The type of echinococcosis caused by the multilocularis bacteria causes an indication similar to cirrhosis and liver cancer.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Liver Cyst
Liver cysts are usually diagnosed by chance during computed tomography (CT scan), ultrasound, and magnetic imaging (MR) procedures, which are performed for other purposes. The doctor may feel cystic at the same time by physically examining the abdomen. Mystic echinococcosis is diagnosed by immunologic tests that show the presence of echinococcus antibodies.
Most cysts do not require treatment and disappear spontaneously. Cysts that show symptoms or are malignant are removed by surgery. The drying process can also be applied but the effect is short-lived. Liver transplantation may be necessary in some PLD patients.
The best method for cystadenomas and cystadenocarcinomas, especially cystadenocarcinomas, is complete removal of the cyst. This operation is performed by a procedure called ‘laparoscopy’ which is done by inserting small instruments and thin tubes.
Parasitic cysts caused by Echinococcosis are treated by a series of operations and a 2-year chemotherapy with reduced complaints. A number of drugs can also be given to treat parasitic worms.
Liver cysts that are congenital or genetic can not be prevented. The presence of liver cysts in the liver suggests a risk of developing this disease.
Parasitic cysts can be avoided by taking care of hygiene and paying particular attention to the proper storage of food in areas where Echinococcus infection is common. These measures are even more necessary, especially for pet owners. In addition, hunters must wear gloves whenever they touch wild animals.