Kidney Growth

Kidney Growth Indications And Treatment

Our today topic is kidney growth.We will discuss all symptoms of kidney growth and also causes and treatments of kidney growth.

What is Kidney Growth?
The kidneys act as a filter for throwing away the waste materials that are nearby and turn them into urea, allowing them to be thrown off the body. Kidney growth or enlargement is abnormally greater than the normal size of the kidneys. Kidney growth can be seen from all ages, even from ultrasound to pregnant women.

The growth of a single kidney is observed in one in every 300 people, and the effect of two kidneys in a growth is seen in one in every 600 people.

Kidney Growth Indications And Treatment

Kidney Growth Symptoms
The most common statements of kidney growth are:

1. Fatigue
Fatigue is one of the most common causes of kidney enlargement and is usually caused by anemia. Fatigue can cause considerable damage to the quality of life of patients.

2. High Blood Pressure In
patients with kidney enlargement, high blood pressure is very common and begins to manifest itself in the early stages of the disease. Kidney growth can lead to more serious consequences if high blood pressure is not controlled in patients.

3. Changes
in the urine Symptoms such as discoloration of the urine, abnormally late urination, and foam formation in the urine may occur in patients with kidney enlargement.

4. Nausea and Vomiting The
most common disorders in the digestive system in patients are nausea and vomiting.

5. Muscle Stiffness
Many symptoms of nervous and muscular system can occur in patients with kidney enlargement. Muscle contractions and cramps are the most obvious.

6. Itching
Itching is also common in these patients. This is due to the accumulation of waste in the blood of the patient, electrolyte imbalance and drug allergy.

Kidney Growth Indications And Treatment

7. Back Pain
Back pain is one of the most characteristic symptoms of kidney growth because kidney growth causes pressure on the surrounding tissues, causing back pain.

Causes and Treatment of Kidney Growth
Kidney growth can have a variety of causes, and treatment methods vary according to these reasons.

1. Polycystic Kidney Disease
Kidneys can grow due to policystic kidney disease (PCD). PKD is the formation of cysts in the kidney and the filling of these cysts with water. PKD can cause kidney dysfunction or even kidney failure. Along with the growth of the kidneys, there are also symptoms such as drowsiness, high blood pressure, joint pain, back pain, headache, urinary bladder and urinary tract infections.

Treatment: Blood pressure medication is used in moderate signs of PCD. In cases where the disease is more severe and the cysts cause pain, the cysts are surgically dried or removed. There is no special medication for PKD treatment, but taking cysts makes the patient feel more comfortable. In more severe cases, kidney removal is the last option.

2. Hydronephrosis When the
urinary tract ducts are blocked, the kidneys begin to swell. This is called hydronephrosis. If the urine can not be transferred from the kidneys to the womb, it will accumulate in the kidney and cause the kidney to grow. Back pain, painful urine output, blurred urine and fever are common symptoms in moderate hydronephrosis.

Treatment: If x-rays show abnormalities in the urinary tract, the problem is solved with surgery. Antibiotic therapy is the most effective treatment for most cases of hydronephrosis. Generally, a low dose of antibiotic is taken daily.

Kidney Growth Indications And Treatment

3. Piyonephrosis
Piyonephrosis hydronephrosis is a more advanced stage and, in some cases, inflammation of the kidneys is observed. The diagnosis of the disease is done ultrasonically. Chills, fever, and aches are seen in patients with pyogenosis.

Treatment: The subcutaneous administration of water from the kidneys is performed. In this method, an operation is performed with the help of a needle instead of cutting the skin in order to reach the tissues and organs and not to damage the kidney.

4. Amyloidosis The
body produces proteins for muscles, hair and deep building stones. Sometimes the body produces abnormal proteins, which accumulate in tissues and cause amyloidosis. The effects of these non-normal proteins manifest themselves in the heart, lungs and kidneys.

Treatment: Try to control the production of abnormal proteins. For this reason, doctors aim to control feeding beside drug treatment. In some cases, stem cell transplantation is performed with chemotherapy methods. Organ transplantation can also be performed for heavier conditions.

5. Renal Cell Carcinoma
Kidney growth can also be caused by malignant cells in the kidney tubules that allow the removal of wastes from the bloodstream. The indication of the disease is abdominal pain, stomach swelling, abnormal urine color and back pain.

Treatment: The surgery is the primary option to receive the affected kidney or surrounding tissues. Other methods are radiation therapy and chemotherapy.

Kidney Growth Indications And Treatment

6. Pyelonephritis
Pyeleonephritis is an infection spreading from the mouth to the urinary tract and causes one or two kidneys to multiply suddenly.

Treatment: Before antibiotic therapy is applied, a culture is taken to determine which antibiotic is to be used. The disease is usually treated with antibiotics and the kidneys reach normal size over time.

7. Acquired Renal Cystic Disease In
these patients, the cystic masses cause the kidney to look larger. But acquired kidney cystic disease differs from policystic kidney disease. This disease can be seen both in adults and children and usually results in kidney failure. There is no sign of the disease.

Treatment: The cysts are normally harmless and are removed using ultrasound and computed tomography. If the cysts become infected, antibiotic therapy is applied. In particular, large cysts are dried with the help of a needle inserted into the abdominal region. Surgery to obtain cysts is rarely preferred.

8. Renal Dysplasia
Renal dysplasia occurs when a kidney or rarely two kidneys grow abnormally due to cyst formation on kidney tissues. The disease is especially seen in infants and is still developing in the womb. The disease is normally not a problem because a single healthy kidney is usually sufficient for a baby. But in more severe cases, the disease can affect both kidneys, and in this case the baby is at risk of life in the mother’s womb. However, if the baby can reach birth, the kidney transplant is performed immediately.

Treatment: Children with renal dysplasia do not receive any treatment unless there is abdominal pain and hypertension. But the symptoms develop and the kidney is removed.

 

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