Jaundice In Infants

Jaundice Symptoms and Treatment in Infants

Our today topic is jaundice in infants.We will discuss the symptoms of jaundice and what ar the causes and treatments of jaundice.Jaundice in infants is usually dangerous and can be treated easily. In the picture above, the baby’s habit is treated by phototherapy.

What is Jaundice?
Jaundice is deep, and the white part of the eye is yellow, and calm is caused by the fact that a substance called bilirubin is found much more than normal.

Bilirubin occurs when the body breaks down old red blood cells. In normal cases, the liver naturally removes blood from the blood as part of this bilirubin task.

Jaundice In Infants Symptoms And Treatments

What is Jaundice in Infants?

In babies, jaundice is the result of the breakdown of red blood cells, the result of which bilirubin can not be removed from the liver by the liver. Jaundice is a very common disease especially in newborn babies.

Jaundice Symptoms in Infants
How do you understand jaundice in infants?

The eyes of babies with jaundice are slightly yellow. In the body, yellowing begins from the head region, spreads to the abdominal region, and extends to the arms and legs.
Difficulties in feeding and breastfeeding can be seen.
Drowsiness and relaxation may occur.
Dark and yellow urine occurs. (the newborn’s urine is normally colorless).
Pale stool occurs instead of yellow or orange.
How long does infancy in infants last?

Preterm infants are more likely to have jaundice. In these babies, jaundice can occur for the first 5-7 days and last for up to 3 weeks. Also, in infants fed with mother’s milk, jaundice may occasionally last up to several months.

Causes of Hibernation in Infants
Causes of hibernation in newborn babies may differ from those of later-occurring hibernation in adults.

Jaundice In Infants Symptoms And Treatments

These are the reasons:

1) Undeveloped liver

The blood of newborn babies has a high amount of red blood cells, which often break down and die. However, since the liver is still in the developmental stage in infancy, the breakdown of red blood cells in the bloodstream is not effective and effective enough to handle the resulting bilirubin and throw blood. This causes the amount of bilirubin in the baby’s blood to rise to about 2 times from time to time, compared to adults. (this usually includes the first 2 weeks after the birth of the baby).

When the baby is 2 weeks old, when the liver becomes a little more effective, the amount of produced bilirubin begins to fall and is removed from the body. In this case, jaundice heals rapidly after 2 weeks without serious damage to the body.

2) Mother’s milk

Baby’s breastfeeding is an effect that increases the risk of jaundice. But if the symptoms of hibernation go through a phase of disappearing normally after a few weeks, there is no need for the mother to cut the milk because the mother’s blessing makes the temporary potential risks that the infant can develop from the innumerable benefits it provides to the baby.

The reasons for the mother’s smoking from time to time in infants are not fully known yet. But the most serious theory in this regard is that some enzymes in the mother’s milk have made the enzymes that function bilirubin in the baby ineffective. Even so, the mother should continue to feed her baby with the milk because it will probably disappear within 10 days.

For more information on breastfeeding please click on the following article: Breastfeeding Causes and Treatment.

3) Cephalhematom (head injury)

The forceps (pens) used during baby’s birth and the vacuum can cause extensive damage to the baby’s head. This is called cephalhematom. These injuries are made up of blood clots and the high amount of bilirubin formed when the blood breaks down. jaundice can be seen because the baby’s liver has not yet fully developed to process bilirubin.

Jaundice In Infants Symptoms And Treatments

4) Diabetes mellitus during pregnancy

Mothers who have diabetes during pregnancy can cause the baby to become jaundiced. For this reason, mothers should have regular check-ups during pregnancy. Also, being as healthy as possible is very important for your baby’s health.

5) Blood Dispute

Sometimes a mismatch between baby’s blood and maternal blood can cause hunger. The end result of this mother’s body attacking the blood cells of the fetus by producing antibodies. This kind of jaundice can be seen when the mother has a group of Rhône.

Treatment of Hibernation in Babies
The hospice seen in newborn babies is expected to improve on average 2 weeks. However, if this period is longer, the treatment should be applied. Consult a doctor for treatment. We can separate the treatment of hibernation in babies by 3.

1) Phototherapy

Phototherapy is a treatment with light. In phototherapy, the amount of bilirubin in the baby’s blood is reduced by a process called photooxidation. Oxidation is the method of adding oxygen to the medium to replace a substance (here, bilirubin). Photo-oxidation converts bilirubin into a readily soluble substance in water. This substance is easily broken up in the baby’s liver and is easily removed from the body. There are 2 types of phototherapy:

Traditional Phototherapy: In this method the baby is placed under a halogen or fluorescent lamp and the eyes are closed to prevent the light from damaging the eyes.

Fiberoptic Therapy: In this method, the baby is placed in a blanket with fiberoptic cables. The light passes through the fiber optic cables and is reflected behind the baby.

The purpose of both phototherapy is to expose the baby’s skin to light as much as possible.
Traditional therapy is the first treatment in most cases, but fiberoptic therapy is preferred if the baby is born prematurely. These therapies are stopped every 30 minutes for every 3-4 hours so that the baby is fed.

Jaundice In Infants Symptoms And Treatments

During phototherapy, the baby’s body temperature is checked intermittently to control thirst and, if necessary, water is given to the baby.

The amount of bilirubin is checked once every 6 hours after phototherapy is started, and phototherapy is stopped when normal levels are reached (usually 1-2 days).
Phototherapy is usually very effective for the treatment of jaundice in newborn babies and has few side effects. However, redness and tanning of the baby may occur.

2) Blood Exchange

Blood exchange is performed when bilirubin in the baby’s blood is too high and phototherapy is not effective. During blood exchange therapy, a small amount of blood is taken from a thin plastic tube placed in the blood vessels of the umbilical cord, arms, and hands. This blood is then replaced with blood from a donor suitable for the baby’s blood.

Because the new blood does not contain bilirubin, the total amount of bilirubin in the baby’s blood drops quickly.

3) Other Treatments

Underlying Treatment: If jaundice is caused by any disease or infection, this disease and infection should be treated first.

Antibody Solution: Intravenous immunoglobulin can be used if rhesus disease in the cervix (caused by maternal blood Rh-, baby’s blood Rh +). Immunoglobulin is an antibody solution from healthy donors. This solution is injected intravenously.

Intravenous immunoglobulin should only be used when phototherapy is ineffective and bilirubin in the blood continues to increase.

Constipation In Infants

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *