Huntington's Disease

Huntington’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Huntington’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment is our today topic.We will discuss this disease and its symptoms and treatments.But firstly what is huntington’s.

What is Huntington’s Disease?
Huntington’s disease is a hereditary disease that causes degeneration of the nerve cells in the brain. Huntington’s disease has great effects on the general life of a person and generally causes serious problems in movements and thinking.

Huntington’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Signs of Huntington’s Disease
The disease has a lot of movement, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms:

Unexpected sudden movements
The problem of not being able to start speaking and dialogue
Staying in a particular way
Problems in spatial perception that result in falls, clumsiness, and accidents
The problem of focusing on a subject
Difficulties in learning new information
Feeling of sadness and unhappiness
Loss of interest in normal activities
Insomnia or excessive sleep
Fatigue and loss of energy
Feeling of worthlessness and guilt
Appetite changes
Decreases in sexual dysfunction
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
Easily forgotten learned information
Muscle contraction and hardening problems
Tremors
Rapid decline in school performance in children
Anxiety disorder
Bipolar disorder

The Role of Huntington’s Disease
Huntington’s disease occurs with a hereditary malformation of a single gland. The disease is an autosomal dominant disorder that can occur with a single gene from the mother or father.

Except for sex chromosomes, one person takes two copies of each gene, one from the mother and the other from the father. One parent who has a defective Huntington gene transcribes a distorted broad or healthy one. For this reason, every child in the family is 50% likely to suffer genetic defect.

Huntington’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

 

 

Treatment of Huntington’s Disease
No treatment can reverse Huntington’s disease, but medications can reduce symptoms of certain movements and psychiatric disorders. Multiple treatment modalities allow the patient to adapt to changes. Treatment should be kept under constant control as some medicines may have side effects.

Drugs for Movement Disorders

Drugs used for movement disorders include:

Antipsychotic Drugs

Such drugs may inhibit some uncontrolled and unintentional movements because they act as a suppressor of movements. However, it may prevent contractions and may cause the muscles to harden.

Other Medicines

Medicines to prevent seizures can be good for muscle loosening and muscle stiffness called dystonia. Remedies for anxiety disorders can also cause changes in consciousness and addiction.

Drugs for Psychiatric Disorders

The medicines used to prevent psychiatric disorders may vary. Possible treatments include:

antidepressants

These drugs are used to treat obsessive compulsive disorder. Possible side effects are vomiting, diarrhea, insomnia and sexual problems.

Antipsychotic Drugs

These medicines can also be used to treat sudden exacerbations, tensions and mental illnesses.

Emotion-Status Balancing Drugs

These drugs are used to control bipolar disorder-related ups and downs. They contain anticonvulsant and lithium. Lithium use is checked by periodic blood tests because it can cause lithium thyroiditis and kidney disorders.

Psychotherapy

A psychotherapist, psychiatrist or psychologist practices psychotherapy to help overcome behavioral problems in the patient and help develop dialogue with people, especially with family members.

Huntington’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

 

Speech Therapy

Huntington’s disease destroys the mouth and neck muscles that are important for speech, eating and swallowing. A talking therapist helps the patient with different means of communication to speak clearly.

Physical Therapy

A physical therapist teaches patients appropriate and safe exercises that increase strength, flexibility, balance and coordination. These exhausters provide the continuity of the movements as much as possible and reduce the effects of falls.

Occupational Therapy

A work and occupation therapist gives patients, family members and caregivers training and strategies to increase the patient’s ability to move. These strategies are:

Using a stair fence at home
Auxiliaries for bathing and wearing clothes
Motor skills are restricted to ill-adapted feed and drinking household goods
Home Care

As Huntington’s disease progresses, the patient becomes dependent on the caregiver. Over time, the patient becomes compulsive in many movements and needs half-life.

Eating and Nutrition

Factors related to eating and nourishing are:

– Many people with Huntington’s disease often have difficulty maintaining a healthy body weight. They have difficulty eating, need more calories because of physical stress and unknown metabolic problems. They need to eat more than 3 meals a day to ensure adequate nutrition.

– These patients have difficulty chewing and swallowing and are at risk of suffocation. Problems can be overcome by feeding the patient with easier food. In addition, pacifiers and nipple feeding bottles may also be helpful.

As a result, a person with Huntington needs to eat and drink when they are eating.

Managing Cognitive and Psychiatric Disorders

Family members and caregivers can block the causative factors in the patient and help the patient overcome cognitive and behavioral difficulties. Some strategies are:

To provide a quiet and simple environment
Make lists and calendars to ensure regular care
The children who attend the school should consult the school management and provide appropriate individual
Minimizing psychological effects by providing social connections and friendships to the patient.

 

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