Hashimoto's Disease

Hashimoto’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Hashimoto’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment is our today topic.Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disease caused by the production of antibodies against the body’s thyroid antigens and causing obstacles to thyroid production.

Symptoms of Hashimoto’s Disease
The first symptom that causes the patient to go to the doctor is swelling of the thyroid gland called the goiter . Although goitre swells vary in size and shape, they all cause the neck region to appear swollen. Although goitre rarely causes pain, it can make it difficult to swallow and breathe when it is large enough. As a result, many people with Hashimoto’s disease may face thyroid failure.

Hashimoto’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Other indications of the disease include:

Moderate weight gain (5-7 kg)
Increased sensitivity to cold
Easy fatigue
Irregular and heavy menstrual periods
Difficulty getting pregnant in young women
Dry skin and fluffy face
Hair loss and eyebrow thinning
Voice annoyance
Depression
Constipation
Slow heartbeats
Increase in cholesterol level
Causes of Hashimoto’s Disease
Hashimoto’s disease results in the body’s immune system producing antibodies to the thyroid cells. Scientists have yet to find the reasons why the immune system has attacked the body cells in this way, but possible theories are:

1) Virus or Bacteria

A virus or bacterial body may trigger antibody production to fight infection, and these antibodies may also be attacking the body at the same time.

Hashimoto’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

2) Genes

Autoimmune diseases may be transmitted genetically through genealogical generations.

3) Pregnancy

Some women may have a different form of hypothyroidism after they have given birth. In most cases, this treatment occurs spontaneously without the need for treatment, but approximately 20% develop Hashimoto’s disease in the following years. This suggests that in some women your pregnancy may be a trigger factor.

4) Iodine

Too much iodine consumption can increase the risk for some people who are prone to disease.

Diagnosis of Hashimoto’s Disease
In a patient who has positive histamine antibodies, but whose thyroid is still normal, doctors may follow the indication for a while. If the thyroid is affected, thyroid hormone replacement drugs are started to be given. With the development of more sensitive blood tests, it has become possible to diagnose the disease earlier. First of all, the doctor performs physical tests to check for signs such as swelling, dryness on the skin and hair loss. He then asks the patient questions about energy status, bowel movements, and vocalizability.

Hashimoto’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Laboratory blood tests are also needed to make a clinical diagnosis. These tests are:

1) Hormone Tests

A blood sample is taken from the patient and this blood is sent to the laboratory to test the TSH and T4 hormone levels. If the result is positive, an antibody test is done.

2) Antibody Test

Another patient sample is taken to test for the presence of certain antibodies related to hashimatosis. Some people may have antibodies, but they may still be carrying out normal thyroid functions. Doctors can not diagnose Hashimoto’s disease unless antibodies are present in high amounts. Having antibodies at high concentration does not mean you are more sick than others, only that the condition is less likely to recover from the natural pathways.

Treatment of Hashimoto’s Disease
If the test for histamine antibodies is positive, but the thyroid is still working normally, the doctors will follow the indications for a while. If the thyroid begins to be affected, the patient is treated lifelong.

1) Synthetic Hormones

Hormone replacement therapy is used if a hashimoto disease causes thyroid hormone deficiency. This is accomplished by the intake of synthetic thyroid hormone. This synthetic hormone is similar to the thyroxine hormone and the natural version of this hormone is produced by the thyroid glands. These oral medications restore adequate hormone levels and eliminate all signs of hypothyroidism.

After treatment begins, the patient feels less fatigue than the old one. Drug therapy also gradually reduces the level of cholesterol that is caused by the disease, and it also ensures that the received pounds are replenished. Synthetic thyroid hormone therapy lasts for life, but the doctor often checks the level of TSH hormone every 6-12 months as the dose needed can be changed.

Hashimoto’s Disease Symptoms And Treatment

2) Dose Follower

In order to determine the correct dose amount, the doctor will check the TSH level after a few weeks. Excessive hormone can accelerate bone loss and cause heart rhythm disorders.

If the patient has coronary artery disease or hypothyroidism, the doctor will start with a low dose and gradually increase the dose. Thus, the heart gradually adapts to these metabolic changes.

Drug intake should not be discontinued on the grounds of feeling well when the treatment is in progress, or symptoms may recur.

3) The Effects of Other Matters

Certain drugs, additive foods, and even some foods can interfere with the absorption of synthetic thyroid hormone. If you are consuming high amounts of soy, high fiber foods, or any of the following, contact your physician:

Ferrous additive materials including multivitamins
Some drugs to lower cholesterol levels
Some antacids (drugs that provide gas and acid balance) have aluminium hydroxide
Sodium polystyrene sulphonate
Some ulcer drugs
Calcium additives

 

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