Graves' Disease

Graves’ Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Graves’ Disease Symptoms And Treatment is our today topic.Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disease that causes the thyroid gland to overwork (hyperthyroidism). The autoimmune diseases result in the body accidentally attacking their own cells.

What is Graves’ Disease?
Graves’ disease is one of the most common forms of hyperthyroidism. Those with Graves’ disease produce immunoglobulins that attack healthy thyroid cells. Immunoglobulins cause the thyroid to secrete too many thyroid hormones.

Thyroid hormone is a hormone that regulates many other important functions such as nervous system function, brain development, body temperature. When hyperthyroidism is not treated, it causes weight loss, excessive emotional distress, depression and mental and physical fatigue.

The cause of Graves’ disease
The precise cause of Graves’ disease, which causes the body’s own immune system to attack healthy tissue and cells in the body, is yet unknown. Although scientists do not know that the attack of antibodies against their healthy cells is a inherited problem, there is no exact information about what causes Graves’ disease or which factors lead to the development of the disease.

Graves’ Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Who is at Risk?
Factors such as inheritance, stress, age and gender are believed to be potential risk factors.
The disease is particularly common in people under 40 years of age.
The likelihood of Graves’ disease being seen in women (especially in women between the ages of 20-40) is 10 times higher than in men.
Risks include any autoimmune disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, vitiligo, and type 1 diabetes.
Symptoms of Graves’ Disease
Generally the indication of Graves’ disease is similar to hyperthyroidism. These symptoms are:

Breast growth in men
Concentration problem
Double vision
Eye irritation and irritation
Increase in bowel movements
More sensitivity to heat
Excess sweating
Increased appetite
Irregular menstrual periods in women
Weakness in the muscle
Fast and irregular heartbeats
Shortness of breath
Weight loss (rarely weight gain)

A small portion of Graves’ patients have deep redness and thickening in the tibia region. Another symptom of the disease is that the eyeball seems to have grown by retracting the eyelid called ophthalmopathy. This symptom occurs in 25% of patients.

Diagnosis of the disease
If Dr. Graves suspects his disease, he might ask for laboratory tests. In addition to physical tests, endocrinologists also perform the following tests.

Graves’ Disease Symptoms And Treatment

Blood test
Thyroid screening
Radioactive iodine uptake test
TSH test
TSI test
When the results of these tests are combined, it is clear whether the patient has Graves’ disease.

Treatment of Graves’ Disease
The type of treatment depends on the age of the patient, the general condition, the size of the thyroid glands, and the patient’s preference. There are three types of treatments: prevention of thyroid hormone production, use of radioactive iodine that breaks down some of the thyroid glands to limit hormone production, or surgical intervention to remove some of the glands

1) Drug Therapy

The anti-thyroid drugs that prevent the thyroid hormone production by the doctor are written. Beta-blockers may also be used to reduce the effects of symptoms until other treatments begin.

Anti-thyroid medications can have side effects such as thirst and insomnia, in some cases there may be a blood disease, agranulocytosis. Often this treatment is safe and provides normal hormone balance within a few months.

Beta blockers may have side effects such as heart attack, tremors, sweating and tension.

Graves’ Disease Symptoms And Treatment

2) Radioactive Iodine Therapy

This treatment is used when drug treatment does not work. The patient is given a capsule or water containing radioactive iodine. Once the drug is taken, radioactive iodine is rapidly absorbed by the overactive thyroid cells and these cells are broken up by the radioactive effect so that less thyroid hormone is produced.

The radioactive effect in the body disappears within a few days. Radioactive therapy should not be used in pregnancy as it affects the developing fetus adversely.

3) Thyroid surgery (thyroidectomy)

Thyroidectomy is a total removal of thyroid glands. But if this is caused by a small lump in the production of excessive hormones, the surgeon can only take this part of the fabric. If the thyroid gland is fully active (this is usually the case), total thyroidectomy is required.

The surgery is usually preferred in patients with goitre, in those who are at risk for cancer, and in patients who are not suitable for radioactive iodine therapy, such as pregnancies. Thyroid replacement therapy can also be followed, depending on how much thyroid gland is left after surgery.


FMF Disease

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