Our today topic is foot swelling and pain.We will talk about foot swelling and pain.We will also discuss the main causes of foot swelling and pain.What are the treatments of foot swelling and pain.Often, foot swelling is not serious and this problem can be solved quickly. But sometimes it may be a sign of a health problem that requires medical intervention.Foot swelling usually occurs when small liquids leak from the soft tissues. This leads to more fluid leakage and swelling, with increased blood circulating resulting in elevated levels of water and sodium (salt) in the kidneys. The lymph system works to relieve excess fluid, but if it does not work properly, fluid accumulates.
Reasons for foot swelling
If swelling affects only one foot, it is likely to be a disability or local problem arising from a problem in one of the veins. If swelling affects both feet, this is most likely due to a systematic problem that affects the whole body, such as heart disease.
Here we will look at the top ten most common causes of foot and ankle swelling.
Injury to the lower leg and the soft tissues of the feet can lead to swelling and is generally limited to affecting a single foot. Foot and ankle swelling can occur suddenly or day by day, depending on the genus and severity of the injury.
Sudden Swelling: A sudden disability or swelling due to intra-articular bleeding is known as hemarthrosis. The ankle and foot swell quickly, accompanied by tension and purple. Typical causes are connective tissue rupture and bone fracture. Such foot swellings require immediate medical attention.
Causes And Treatments Of Foot Swelling And Pain
Delayed swelling: You may not notice until a few hours or after the day of the injury due to the slowly increasing swelling of the joint fluid in the local area. This occurs when the joints are irritated in one of the constructions. For example, light connective tissue sprain that causes the joint to produce excessive joint fluid to help protect itself and help heal. Hemarthrosis tends to be less swollen here and swelling at the feet may change day by day.
2) Medical Conditions
There are several medical conditions that can cause ankle and foot swelling.
a) Heart Problems: Problems such as congestive heart failure and hypertensive heart disease can cause ankle and foot swelling. If the function of the heart is diminished, it will not pump enough blood into the body and the pressure will build up, causing the veins to leak fluid around the surrounding tissues. This may cause the sediment to accumulate around the feet. This swelling tendency tends to get worse during the day.
b) Kidney Issues: One of the important functions of the kidneys is to regulate the electrolyte and salt levels by throwing away the excess liquid body. If the kidney is not working properly, it will not be able to dispense enough salt and liquid, which causes liquid leaks into the surrounding tissues as a result of pressure on the veins. Ankle and foot swelling is often the first sign of kidney problems. The swollen tends to get worse in the morning.
c) Liver Disease: Liver disease can lead to a change in hormone and fluid regulatory chemical levels.
Causes And Treatments Of Foot Swelling And Pain
d) Gout Disease: Gout and high levels of uric acid crystallize in the joints, such as the toes. This causes the joint to become inflamed, leaving it in a swollen, red, warm and very painful condition. The symptoms usually occur at night and occur quickly in a few hours.
Arthritis: Swelling due to arthritis tends to be intermittent, coming and going at different times. It is most commonly caused by rheumatoid arthritis, which accompanies inflammation of the joint-wrapped dermis.
3) Blood clot / DVT
The clogs block your veins, preventing the blood in your foot from flowing backwards. The blood clot forms in the main veins and is known as DVT (deep vein thrombosis). It causes pain and swelling in the calf, as well as warmth and redness in the area. Often it appears on one leg and your pain tends to get worse when you pull your toes towards yourself.
For example, if you experience severe disabilities (such as bone fractures), have been out of motion for a long period (long flights), your DVT increases after you have had surgery or have suffered from heart or lung diseases. DVT is a medical emergency. If you suspect that the fat in your leg is due to DVT, you will receive immediate medical attention.
Pregnancy is another common cause of foot swelling. There are three reasons for this:
excessive weight gain applies extra pressure on the feet
pressure on the expanding uterine limb and veins in the feet
pregnancy hormones can cause the body to keep fluid
Severe swellings on the feet can be a sign of preeclampsia with medical urgency.
5) Side Effects of Drugs
Some medications can cause ankle and foot swelling as a side effect, causing fluid retention. The most common drugs causing foot pox are:
Inflammatory Removers: for example, steroid and NSAID group drugs.
Hormone Drugs: for example, contraceptives.
Antidepressants: for example, tricyclics such as amitiriptiline.
Diabetes medicines: for example, avandia and actos.
Blood Pressure Drugs: calcium channel blockers such as amlodipine and nifedipine.
Causes And Treatments Of Foot Swelling And Pain
8) Long-term inactivity
Stopping at the same position for too long without moving the movement of the liquids can cause swelling in the ankle and feet. A typical example of this is long-haul aircraft or car journeys. Because of gravity, the liquid naturally descends on your feet. Preferably, stay around at the beginning of each hour and move your feet up and down when you are seated to prevent foot swelling.
A blockage in the lymph system causes excessive lymphatic fluid accumulating in tissues and may cause swelling of the foot and lower leg. Cancer treatments such as taking lymph nodes or radiotherapy may have a number of causes, such as infection, disability.
10) Other causes
There are several other reasons and risk factors that can cause foot palsy:
a) Obesity: Obesity can cause swelling in the ankle and feet due to excessive weight on your feet.
b) Standing for a long time : Standing for a long time or walking may lead to ankle and foot swelling.
c) Gender: Edema is more common in women due to progesterone, which causes fluid accumulation. For example, swelling of the ankles before menstruation.
Foot Swelling Treatment
1) Remove Your
Foot One of the best ways to start treating your foot swelling is to lift the foot. This does not mean you have to rest on something that you are sitting on, preferably, you should lift your swollen stomach up above your heart level. This will allow gravity to reduce inflation and return it to the liquid circulation instead of accumulating on your feet.Try to spend 20 minutes in the air with your feet at regular intervals throughout the day. At night time, keep your feet on the pillows so they can stay in the air while you sleep. Make sure you support your knee, or you can wake up in the morning with a very hard and painful knee.
2) Try Magnesium Support
Magnesium deficiency can be a share of the edema, and getting support can also be of some benefit for you. Most of the referrals are about 200 mg twice a day, but if you are pregnant you may want to talk to your doctor first. The recommended daily intake for magnesium is 350 mg, and you probably do not want to take an extra 400 mg of magnesium from your diet with prenatal vitamins and nutrients.
Regular exercise is another simple treatment and preventive measure for foot swelling. Exercise regulates the circulation, reducing the swelling of the foot, helping the blood flow back to the heart.
4) Less Salt, Higher Water Consumption
High sodium (salt) level is a common cause of foot swelling. Meeting a low salt diet can help to reduce swelling that usually causes foot swelling. Avoid foods containing high sodium and do not throw salt into your food.Drinking extra water (targeting 6-8 glasses a day) will reduce the sodium level and throw it away from your salt system. Also, avoid caffeinated beverages, as it contains sodium, which increases salivation.
5) Avoid Staying and Standing for a Long Time
If the feet are stable, accumulations around the ankles and feet will swell more and more day by day. When and for how long you sit or do not change, shake your foot up and down, circle your feet and move your ball up and down. So you send the surplus fluid over the back of your pants. Regularly try to stay on your feet and try to navigate. If you need to stay up for a long time, try to sit down and lift your feet as much as possible.
6) Ice Treatment If the
swelling in your foot is particularly affected by the disability, applying ice to the swelling foot will reduce swelling. The ice helps reduce the amount of local bleeding and thus reduces swelling. Ice packs should be used for about 10 minutes in a few hours. The ice application has a number of different ways, from a frozen vegetable to specially designed ice cube bags. Ice should never be applied directly to the tine, or it may cause ice burns.
Massage helps to increase circulation and can be used to gently remove the liquid from the inflating limb. Get help from someone so you can relax during the massage. Keep your feet up with pillows so that gravity can help. Start with your toes and gently move to the lymphatic drainage points in the fluid behind your knee. Hand-tapping movements will push the liquid up and away.
8) Diuretics or Known Other As a
diuretic, diuretics are a type of drug that reduces fluid accumulation by increasing urine production. They are most commonly used in foot swelling due to heart failure. These are not suitable for every swelling situation, so consult your doctor before using them.
9) Winding Bezi
Tubular wrap glands like Tubigrip are a great way to reduce swelling. Tubigrip is designed specifically for your feet and tubing to fit perfectly in your calf. It is made of elastic yarns wrapped in a soft fabric that evenly presses the area.
10) Weight Giving
Excess weight can help alleviate foot swelling symptoms by reducing the pressure and mass of your feet. This is only suitable if you are overweight. We always talk to your doctor about your weight loss program.