Atrial Fibrillation Treatment

Causes and Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

Our today topic is atrial fibrillation treatment.We will talk about atrial fibrillation treatment.What are the symptoms and causes of atrial fibrillation.According to the American Heart Association, atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac rhythm disturbance seen in people over 65 years of age. Unfortunately, most of them are not even aware of this situation. Since the patient is untreated, the risk of death from cardiac arrhythmia is 2-fold, and the risk of stroke is 4- to 5-fold.

What is Atrial Fibrillation?
Certain cells in our heart regulate the flow of electrical signals in the heart, allowing the pumping function to work properly. In every heartbeat, our heart pumps blood both inside and outside the heart chambers, and from there it is sent to the whole body.

Atrial Fibrillation Treatment 

The atrium is the upper chambers of our heart and their mission is to take blood.
The ventricles are the chambers at the bottom of our heart, and their mission is to send the blood to the whole body.
Atrial fibrillation disrupts the conduction of electrical signals, causing blood from the atriums to not pump effectively into the ventricles. In this case, tremors occur in the atriums, increase the risk of blood accumulation and raise blood clotting risk. Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of coagulation, heart attack, heart failure and other cardiac-related complications in patients’ blood.

If clotting occurs because of this situation, that is, if blood accumulation is the result, clotting blood can clog arterial blood vessels entering the circulatory system and clotting to the brain, even if clotting occurs, and thus stroke occurs. This condition is caused by heart rhythm disturbance in 15% to 20% of the living patients.Atrial Fibrillation Treatment

Types of Atrial Fibrillation

This rare type of atrial fibrillation disorder is called paroxysmal atrial fibralization. The indications are not long. It takes several minutes or hours to show its effect automatically.

Continuous In
these types of atrial fibrillation disorders, the heart is unable to correct itself and can not maintain normal rhythm balance. Methods of treatment such as drug therapy or electro shock are used.

Permanent In
this type of atrial fibrillation disorder, the heart has become unable to correct itself. In this case, medicines that regulate cardiac rhythm and prevent blood clotting can be given to prevent blood clotting.

Atrial Fibrillation Treatment 

Causes of Atrial Fibrillation
Some of the main reasons for this inconvenience are:

High blood pressure
Previous heart attack
Excessive stimulants such as drugs, caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol
Patient sinus syndrome, cardiac pacemaker failure
Infections caused by viruses
Earlier cardiac surgeries
Coronary artery disease
Heart valve disease
Birth defects
Koah’s disease
Stress caused by pneumonia, surgery or diseases
Atrial Fibrillation Risk Factors
Atrial fibrillation can happen to anyone, but people who are in the following list are more likely to be exposed:

At athletes: With increased heart rate, this rhythm can trigger the formation of atrial fibrillation.

Age progression: As our age progresses, our risk of atrial fibrillation increases. However, even if it is rare, this disturbance is seen in children.

Preexisting heart disease that may or may not be present
Excessive alcohol consumption
Sleep apnea
Family genetics
Chronic medical conditions such as diabetes, thyroid problems, asthma
Atrial Fibrillation Symptoms
Some patients are unaware even in this situation. Because he did not have serious symptoms of heart disease. Therefore, patients should be aware of the symptoms that occur in the event of atrial fibrillation, especially if there are present symptoms that constitute a high risk factor. These symptoms are:

Feeling of heart palpitations
Pain in the neck or jam
Fatigue or fatigue
Sweating, dizziness or shortness of breath
Irregular and fast heartbeat
Fainting cases
Atrial Fibrillation Treatment
Treatment modalities for atrial fibrillation vary according to how well the patients are trying to cope with this condition, the severity of the symptoms, the underlying condition of the formation of atrial fibrillation and the health status of the patients. The main purpose of the treatment is to restore normalcy of the heart rhythm and to prevent blood clotting. The following are some effective treatment methods:Atrial Fibrillation Treatment

Atrial Fibrillation Treatment 

Drug use to regulate cardiac rhythm
Antithymic drugs are medicines that are usually used to return to the normal beat rhythm of the heart. Depending on the patient’s heart health condition, this medicine may be given by vaginal or oral administration. At this stage, patients are closely monitored and drug use continues even if the heart rhythm returns to normal.

Methods for preventing
blood clotting Patients exposed to atrial fibrillation are a major risk factor for the appearance of blood clotting, and the risk is increased if other heart conditions are present, especially in patients with atrial fibrillation. Blood-extracting drugs such as coumadin are used to prevent clotting, stroke and other heart problems.

Electroshock stops the electrical activity of the heart for a short period of time. The purpose here is to have heartbeat in normal rhythm when the heart starts to stop and then starts again. Antithromic drugs can be used in normal rhythm if cardioversion is successful.

If cardioversion fails, specialists may throw catheters to arrange irregularly moving arterial blood vessels from the groin area. Cold and hot shocks can also be used to restore the normal rhythm of the heart to the affected area. This method can be used to treat rhythm irregularity without the need to use drugs or other instruments.

Atrioventricular Node Ablation
This method is applied when all other treatment methods have negative results. In this way, the connection between the upper chambers and sub chambers of the heart is destroyed using radio frequency energy. Then the heartbeat is inserted to ensure that the atria work properly at the rhythm. This method requires long-term use of blood medication, which also reduces the risk of stroke and heart attack.Atrial Fibrillation Treatment

Surgical Maze Procedure
During open heart surgery, doctors aim to create scar tissue traces as they intervene intermittently into the atria. Atrial fibrillation arising from cardiac electrical movements and signals is caused by these scalpel injuries, and there is no electrical communication and it is aimed to remove the atrial fibrillation problem. This procedure requires open heart surgery, and the patient who does not respond to other treatment methods is given special treatment only if the patient has already undergone an open heart surgery.


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