Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms

Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms And Treatment

Anorexia nervosa symptoms and treatment is our today topic.Anorexia nervosa has become quite common nowadays and is seen in 1 out of every 20 young people. But it can affect not only young people but people of all age groups, and it has recently started to be seen more in men.

What is Anorexia Nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is a eating disorder and a malnutrition disorder. A person with anorexia nervosa loses weight intentionally for fear of gaining weight and sees eating almost as an unnecessary activity of life. Weight loss can be so large and life-threatening. Eating disorders are the most common.

People who have anorexia nervosa do not feel well after eating and they put a limit on them when they eat.

Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms And Treatment

Reasons for Anorexia Nervosa
The exact cause of the disease is unknown. Possibly different causes cause discomfort together. These possible causes are:

– Perceiving weakness in the person as a necessity and superiority in the pressures of media and society. For this reason it is more common in western countries.

– It is thought that the environment of the family and the person is an important cause. Anorexic people have little respect and love for themselves and often feel obliged to be perfectionists. In addition, broken family relationships, different feelings, feelings and behaviors also contribute to anorexia.

– Some genetic factors may also play a role. This is also due to the work done on some single-twin parents. If there is anorexia nervosa in one of the twins, the likelihood of being seen in the other is 50%. This suggests that the disease may have some genetic parameters. but there are other reasons as well, since the disease is not always seen in both twins.

Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms
Most of the symptoms and risks in anorexia nervosa are due to starvation and malnutrition. Common characteristics of anorexic people are:

Do not sneak up after eating
A tendency to hide their weakness (wearing swollen and abundant clothes)
Do not be right about how much they eat
Being obsessed with other people’s cravings
Small pieces of stuff that they have always taken to eat
Thinking about the constant weight gain after ingestion
Weigh themselves a lot of times a day
Cold problem and irregular sleep
Concentration weakness

Symptoms and risks that can arise due to malnutrition include:

1. Irregular Periods

Many women with anorexia have irregular periods. This is due to hormonal imbalances due to malnutrition. Infertility can also be seen in some anorexic women.

2. Intracorporeal Chemical Imbalances

They are constantly caused by vomiting and excessive laxative use. For example, a low potassium level causes fatigue, weakness, abnormal heart rhythms, kidney damage and contractions.

3. Bone Examination (Osteoporosis)

This is caused by the lack of calcium and vitamin D and causes the bones to break easily. Also, there is an increased risk of osteoporosis being caught when periods are stopped in women. Because estrogen protects women against bone erimes and the amount of estrogen drops when periods stop.

Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms And Treatment

4. Intestinal Problems

This is the result of taking too much laxative. Laxative destroys the intestinal muscles and nerve endings. This leads to permanent constipation and abdominal pain.

5. Hips, Feet and Percent Swell

This is usually due to lack of water and fluid in the body and irregularity.

6. Problems in Teeth

This is due to the fact that the vomiting end result is that the stomach acids that return correctly damage the dental minerals.

7. Anemia (anemia)

An iron deficiency that may occur with malnutrition can lead to anemia. This makes the person weaker and tired than normal.

8. Depression

Depression is one of the most common manifestations of anorexia nervosa.

9. Hair and Skin Problems

Sometimes weakened, weak hair can be seen in anorexia patients. The skin is dry and hard.

Anorexia Nervosa Treatment

Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms And Treatment

The aims of anorexia nervosa treatment are :

Reduce the risk of anorexia (even death), reduce it to a minimum
To encourage the patient to gain weight and eat healthy
Reduce other symptoms and problems
Trying to strengthen patients both physically and mentally
Anorexia nervosa patients are kept under constant control by an expert mental health group, including psychiatrists, psychologists, nurses, dietitians and other professionals.

Scopes of treatment include:

Winning Healthy Nutrition Habits

It is important to eat regularly. Even if you have fewer portions during your meal, you should eat at least 3 meals a day. You must be honest about how much you have eaten against yourself and the surrounding areas. You should reduce the frequency of weighing yourself and it is enough to score only once a week. It is useful to make a daily list of foods you eat daily.

Psychological (talking) Treatment

Behavioral cognitive therapy (CBT), cognitive analytical therapy (CAT), interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), focal psychodynamic therapy are a variety of therapies used in the treatment of anorexia nervosa. Talking therapies talk about how the patient may be caught in anorexia, helping to overcome misconceptions over food and weight, and try to treat the emotional reactions of the patient. Speech therapies can take time and can continue with regular sessions for several months. Treatment may also include other family members who are required to participate in interviews with specialists.

Antidepressant Drugs

The use of these drugs is maintained along with speech therapy when depression is indicated. Antidepressant medicines are not recommended in patients younger than 18 years.

Treatment of Physical Problems, such as Dental Problems

This treatment generally involves helping to avoid potassium supplements, dental treatments, and substances such as laxatives and water tablets. Patients are also directed to use estrogen-leveling hormones (such as oral contraceptives) to strengthen the bones.

Anorexia Nervosa Symptoms And Treatment

Benefit Providers Personal Development Tools

Many books on this issue include personal development books and guidebooks. These include methods of how to ascend from the anorexia nervosa. but they may not be effective in more serious anorexia patients. The treatment of these patients may continue for a certain period of time at the hospital under supervision.

 

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