Allergy In Babies

Signs and Treatment of Allergy in Infants

Our today topic is allergy in babies.We will define what is allergy?What are the signs and treatments of allergy in babies.

What is Allergy?
An allergy is an immune system disorder of the body. Sometimes the body may show exaggerated reactions with hypersensitivity to some foreign substances that seem totally harmless when seen visually. Although infants may have uncontrollable crying as a sign of underlying allergy, the underlying cause of allergy should be medically well established and appropriate treatments applied accordingly. In babies, allergies can be divided into 6 groups, each with different causes, manifestations and treatment methods.

Allergy In Babies Causes And Treatments

1. Nasal (all-around) allergies
Symptoms : Nasal itching or flow, nasal congestion, sneezing, and watery or itchy eyes

Causes : Dust, nausea, and cigarette smoke are the most common infantile allergies to babies.

Treatment : Nasal allergies are generally made with decongestants and antihistamines, which are also sold without a prescription. In some infants, nasal spray can also be recommended by doctors to treat nasal allergies. Nasal steroids may also be appropriate for signs of severe asthma.

Adverse effects : During use of these medicines, there may be slight calm or drowsiness in infants. Due to the use of nasal spray, itching and nose bleeds may be seen in the middle. Some scientific evidence suggests that nasal steroids may slow down growth in infants. For this reason, it is recommended that parents talk to their doctors about the potential side effects of these medicines on their babies before treatment.

2. Food Allergies
Symptoms : Food allergies can be seen as a histamine reaction in the form of nasal obstruction. Other symptoms include rash or redness, eczema, swelling of the face, gas, swelling of the eyes, vomiting, diarrhea, hives or rash.

Causes : Food allergies are the most common allergies in infants. Even infants who are fed only with mother’s milk may react to a substance in the mother’s milk. Bovine products are a common cause of food allergies. Eggs, peanuts, milk, wheat, walnuts, soy, fish and shellfish are the most common types of food allergies.

Treatment : The best treatment is to avoid these allergenic foods. In babies fed with food, parents are advised to change the food. In mother’s milk allergies, the mother should not consume the food causing allergies to prevent allergic reactions. In such cases, parents should consult their doctor and seek advice on treatment. The most common treatment for food allergies is the epinephrine (adrenaline) autoinjector. These devices act as indicators and automatically adjust the correct dose to stop the allergic reaction. In more serious reactions, such as swelling of the face, difficulty in breathing, vomiting and diarrhea, an emergency call is required to make the fastest medical intervention possible.

Side Effects : Mild vibrations, shortness of breath, or heartbeats can be seen. Side effects such as chills, nausea and dryness in the throat may also occur in the baby.

Allergy In Babies Causes And Treatments

3. Environmental Allergy
Symptoms : Swelling in some areas of the body, including rash, redness, rash, tongue and mouth, difficulty in breathing, rapid heartbeat, dizziness or dizziness, nausea and diarrhea

Causes : Insect bites can be a cause of the allergic reaction. One of the most common causes is bee stings. Some medicines may also cause allergies.

Treatment : In the event of a bee sting, the first step is to clean the affected area and remove it immediately if the bee has left the needle. Apply cold to the bite area. It is very effective to apply the paste consisting of a mixture of carbonate and water or a lotion of calcium. If symptoms such as difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, dizziness and fainting are seen in the baby, contact the doctor urgently. The doctor can write epinephrine.

Side Effects : Boredom and crying are the most important side effects. Side effects are usually caused by epinephrine.

4. Anaphylaxis
Unlike other allergies, anaphylaxis is a serious reaction to insect bite, poison or gnawing, which means there is no specific allergen cause and can be deadly from time to time.

Symptoms : Difficulty breathing, loss of consciousness or fainting, swelling in the face, on the underside, throat, and airways, and angioedema (a subcutaneous allergic disorder, but life threatening).

Causes : Sensitivity to a specific allergen may cause obstruction of the baby’s respiratory tract or may affect its circulatory system.

Treatment : It is very important to call 112 immediately. First intervention is epinephrine. Intravenous corticosteroids or bronchodilators (bronchodilators) may be used according to the specification.

5. Pet Allergies
Indications : The baby’s immune system causes swelling in the nose and airways when producing a histamine against a pet allergen. Chemicals produced by the body against the pet allergen can cause irritation of the eyes, nasal discharge, sneezing and asthma-related coughing and wheezing in the baby. It can also be seen on the skin with redness or hives.

Causes : Feathers and bovine pets such as cats, dogs, rabbits, birds. Animal hair and fur may cause allergies by wearing clothes or adhering to upholstery fabrics.

Treatment : Saline nasal (nasal) sprays are effective in moderate pet allergies, but in more serious cases, pediatricians should use medicines. In such cases, the doctor will perform a skin test to determine the cause of an allergic reaction. If you find that your baby has a pet animal allergy at home, you need to remove the animal from the house and clean the house.

Allergy In Babies Causes And Treatments

6. Seasonal Allergies
Symptoms : Continuous or intermittent symptoms can be seen. Eyes watering, runny nose, nasal congestion, sneezing and cough are common symptoms.

Causes : The most common causes of seasonal allergies are herbs, grasses or pollen. Babies can show allergens against different types of grass and pollen. Different types of allergens can be seen in summer, spring or autumn.

Treatment : Prescription antihistamines can be used for infants aged 6 months. Without doctor’s approval, parents should not give their baby an over-the-counter medication.

Side Effects : The side effects of antihistamines are thirst and sleep. Soothing antihistamines cause headaches, nausea, vomiting, constipation, diarrhea, dry mouth and blurred vision. In rare cases, antihistamines can cause irregular heart rhythms, elevated blood pressure, dizziness, sleep disturbances, and contractions.

Note : Mothers and fathers should remember that some allergies come from birth. If the baby has allergies, parents should be cautious. In babies fed with breast milk, mothers should avoid allergen ingestion. Prevention is always better and more effective than treatment.

 

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