Acute Coronary Syndrome

Signs and Treatment of Acute Coronary Syndrome

Our today topic is acute coronary syndrome.Acute Coronary SyndromeWe will talk about acute coronary syndrome.What are the main symptoms of acute coronary syndrome?What are the causes of acute coronary syndrome?What are the treatments of acute coronary syndrome?The acute coronary syndrome is related to the heart and occurs when the heart is not as blooded as the coronary arteries. The coronary arteries are responsible for providing oxygen rich blood to the heart. When these arteries block or contract, the heart can not get the oxygen it needs, and it causes a heart attack or angina (a chest pain that results from insufficient blood supply).

More than 1.5 million people live in the United States each year (cardiac arrest). 40-50 of these people die; half of them lose their lives before they reach the hospital. Almost all of the 1.5 million people are suffering from coronary artery disease and two-thirds of these patients are males.

Acute Coronary Syndrome Causes And Symptoms

What are the symptoms of acute coronary syndrome?
The indication for acute coronary syndrome is similar to that of heart attack. Acute Coronary SyndromeIf the acute coronary syndrome is not treated, there is a high likelihood of a heart attack. Therefore, the indication of this syndrome should be taken seriously. Indications for acute coronary syndrome include:

Angias (chest pain resulting from insufficient blood in the heart) or chest pain and stenosis, burning and pressure in the chest area
Nausea
Pain anywhere in the body, including the upper part of the canine or left arm
Vomiting
Shortness of breath
Excessive sweating
If a cardiac arrest is present, the indication may change. The symptoms vary according to age, sex, and whether there is another underlying illness or condition. Abdominal pain, damp skin, dizziness, fainting, pain similar to stomach pain, strange exhaustion and anxiety or restlessness are some of the signs of heart failure.

When to consult a doctor?
When severe chest pain is present, this should not be taken as a memory and should be referred to a doctor. It is better to get help from emergency medical services than to go to the hospital. Because it may be a severe heart attack.Acute Coronary Syndrome

If you are constantly and frequently experiencing chest pain, you should talk to your doctor because it can be any angina. For example, chest pain while walking can be taken, but may pass rest. However, the unstable angina may also be resting. This pain may be more severe than felt during stable angina. If unstable angina comes to the scene, medical help should be urgently applied.

Acute Coronary Syndrome Causes And Symptoms

Causes of Acute Coronary Syndrome
Acute coronary syndrome is normally caused by atheroma in the coronary arteries (a disturbance in the artery wall).

The atheroma is similar to a fatty layer or deposit that may develop in the coronary artery wall. An atheroma can occur in one or more places for many years. Each layer comes from a soft oil protected from the outside by a strong crust. Acute Coronary SyndromeLayers start clogging arteries and make them narrower than their old counterparts. As a result, the amount of blood flowing to the heart drops, which causes a heart attack or severe anxiety.

Other causes that block the coronary arteries are:

Knife impact on heart area
Inflammatory coronary artery
Blood clots reaching any artery from anywhere in the body
Using cocaine
Problems that occurred during heart surgery
Other uncommon heart diseases
Who is at Risk?
The following persons are at risk of developing acute coronary syndrome:

Those with high blood pressure
Overweight
Those with high cholesterol
Those who do not move too muchAcute Coronary Syndrome
Dietitians
Patients with diabetes
They have acute coronary syndrome in their family. His father or brother before the age of 55, his mother or sister who had acute coronary syndrome before 65 years

Acute Coronary Syndrome Causes And Symptoms

Acute Coronary Syndrome Treatment
The following methods are used to treat acute coronary syndrome:

Aspirin
slows down blood clotting and blood clotting.

Thrombolytics Thrombolytics dissolve
blood clots that block blood flow to the heart.

Nitroglycerin
Extends narrow blood vessels and increases blood flow. Therefore, angina and chest pain is very useful in the treatment.Acute Coronary Syndrome

Beta Blockers
Relieves heart rate, lowers blood pressure, slows heart rate and increases blood flow to the heart. As a result, chest pain is reduced.

ACE inhibitors and ARBs
allow blood to flow easily from the heart. They reduce blood pressure, prevent another heart attack.

Calcium Channel Blockers
calm the heart to increase the blood flow to the heart.

Cholesterol-Lowering Medicines
These medicines, known as “statins,” can lower the level of cholesterol in the body and prevent formation of layer deposits. It also stabilizes the layers and prevents them from cracking.

Anti-
clotting drugs Drugs like prasugrel (effient) and clopidogrel (plavix) prevent blood clotting. It prevents the neighboring clot cells from sticking together. Clopidogrel increases the chance of bleeding. Therefore, the use of this drug should be reported to the doctor.

Acute Coronary Syndrome Causes And Symptoms

Surgery
If the above-mentioned treatments are not enough, you may need to do any of the following operations.Acute Coronary Syndrome

• Angioplasty and stent insertion: A thin, long tube (catheter) is inserted into the narrowed artery. Through the catheter, a dull balloon is inflated there and inflated so that the obstruction is opened. In general, the stent is left inside to keep the affected artery open.

• Coronary bypass surgery: In this method, an alternate pathway opens around the obstructed artery for blood flow.

What are the precautions for Acute Coronary Syndrome?
The only way to prevent the formation of acute coronary syndrome is to change your lifestyle. Some of the changes you can make in your life are:

Leave the cigarette.
Get less alcohol.
Have physical activity.
Keep your stress level under control
Follow a healthy diet that may be good for your heartAcute Coronary Syndrome
Stay away from all foods that are high in fat. Give more room to feed foods such as whole grain products, low fat dairy products, lean meats, vegetables and fruits.

Keep your body weight at a healthy level
If you are going to go to the obese category, you can start exercising and eating more fruits and vegetables.

Take control of your
blood pressure Take a look at your blood pressure at least every 2 years to make sure you do not have high blood pressure. Normal blood pressure measurement is accepted as 120/80.

Have your cholesterol level checked
If you have high cholesterol, you should check regularly to make changes in your habits and diet. Cholesterol level should be below 200mg / dL.Chest Pain Symptoms

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